Babingtonite is a calcium inosilicate 2(Fe ). It is unusual in that iron(III) completely replaces the aluminium so typical of silicate minerals. It is a very dark green to black translucent (in thin crystals or splinters) mineral crystallizing in the triclinic system with typically radial short prismatic clusters and druzy minerals in cavities in volcanic rocks. Babingtonite contains both iron(II) and iron(III) and shows weak magnetism. It has a Mohs hardness of 5.5 to 6 and a specific gravity of 3.3.
It was first described in 1824 from samples from Arendal , Aust-Agder (which is its type locality physician William Babington
It is the official mineral (mineral emblem) of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts The first published report of babingtonite in Massachusetts was by Francis Alger with its discovery in Charlestown (now Somerville). The location was the Granite Street quarry, formerly known as the Milk Row quarry.