Baddeleyite is a rare zirconium (ZrO2 or zirconia), occurring in a variety of monoclinic prismatic crystal forms. It is transparent to translucent, has high indices of refraction , and ranges from colorless to yellow, green, and dark brown. See etymology below.
Baddeleyite is a refractory mineral, with a melting point is a substituting impurity and may be present in quantities ranging from 0.1 to several percent.
It can be found in igneous rocks containing potassium feldspar. Baddeleyite is commonly not found with zircon (ZrSiO4), because it forms in silica-undersaturated rocks, such as mafic rocks. This is because, when silica is free in the system (silica-saturated/oversaturated), zircon is the dominating phase, not baddeleyite. It belongs to the monoclinic-prismatic class , of the P21/c crystal system