Bournonite is a sulfosalt species, trithioantimoniate of lead with the formula PbCuSbS3.
It was first mentioned by Philip Rashleigh in 1797 as an ore and was more completely described in 1804 by French crystallographer and mineralogist Jacques Louis, Comte de Bournon (1751–1825), after whom it was named. The name given by Bournon himself (in 1813) was endellione, since used in the form endellionite, after St Endellion , the locality in Cornwall
The crystals are orthorhombic , and are generally tabular in habit owing to the predominance of the basal pinacoid; numerous smooth bright faces are often developed on the edges and corners of the crystals. They are usually twinned, the twin-plane being a face of the prism (m); the angle between the faces of this prism being nearly a right angle (86° 20′), the twinning gives rise to cruciform groups and when it is often repeated the group has the appearance of a cog-wheel, hence the name Rãdelerz (wheel-ore) of the Kapnik The repeated twinning gives rise to twin-lamellae, which may be detected on the fractured surfaces, even of the massive material.
It is a mineral in medium temperature hydrothermal vein, tetrahedrite , chalcopyrite, zinkenite, rhodochrosite
It was first described for an occurrence in Wheal Boys in the parish of St Endellion it was found associated with jamesonite Later, still better crystals were found in another Cornish mine, namely, Herodsfoot mine near Liskeard, which was worked for argentiferous galena. Fine crystals of large size have been found with quartz and siderite in the mines at Neudorf, and with sphalerite and tetrahedrite in Romania It has been reported from a large number of other localities.