Minerals identify

Know how to recognize them

Canfieldite

Sulfide mineral

Canfieldite is a rare silver mineral with formula: Ag8SnS6. The mineral typically contains variable amounts of germanium in the sulfur site. There is a complete series between canfieldite and its germanium analogue, argyrodite. It forms black orthorhombic crystals which often appear to be cubic in form due to twinning. The most typical form is as botryoidal rounded grape-like masses. Its Mohs hardness is 2.5 and the specific gravity is 6.28. Canfieldite exhibits conchoidal fracturing and no cleavage.

Canfieldite was first described in 1893 from an occurrence in Colquechaca, Potosí. It was named for Frederick Alexander Canfield (1849–1926), an American mining engineer.

Identification

Color of mineral

Grey
Red

The streak

Black

Luster ( interacts light )

Metallic

Crystal ( diaphaneity )

Orthorhombic