Cotunnite is the natural mineral form of lead(II) chloride with formula PbCl2.
It was first described in 1825 from an occurrence on Mount Vesuvius, Italy. It was named for Domenico Cotugno (Cotunnius) (1736–1822), Italian physician and Professor of Anatomy.
It was first recognized in volcanic deposits. It occurs as a secondary alteration product in lead ore deposits. It has also been reported as an alteration of archaeological objects that contain lead.
It occurs in association with galena , anglesite in the Caracoles, Chile volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia it occurs with the rare to uncommon minerals tenorite , burnsite , chloromenite and native gold