Cuprite is an oxide mineral composed of copper(I) oxide
Its dark crystals with red internal reflections are in the isometric system hexoctahedral class, appearing as cubic, octahedral, or dodecahedral forms, or in combinations. Penetration twins frequently occur. In spite of its nice color it is rarely used for jewelry of 3.5 to 4. It has a relatively high specific gravity of 6.1, imperfect cleavage and is brittle to conchoidal fracture. The luster is sub-metallic to brilliant adamantine. The "chalcotrichite" (from Ancient Greek variety typically shows greatly elongated (parallel to) capillary or needle like crystals forms.
It is a secondary mineral which forms in the oxidized zone of copper sulfide deposits. It frequently occurs in association with native copper, malachite minerals. It is known as ruby copper due to its distinctive red color.
Cuprite was first described by Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger in 1845 and the name derives from the Latin
Cuprite is found in the Ural Mountains , Altai Mountains, and in more isolated locations in Cornwall , Chile