Minerals identify

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Glauberite

Sulfate mineral, anhydrous sulfate subgroup

Glauberite is a monoclinic calcium with the formula Na 4)2.

It was first described in 1808 for material from the El Castellar Mine, Villarrubia de Santiago , Toledo. It was named for the extracted Glauber's salts after the German alchemist (1604–1668).

Glauberite often forms in continental and marine evaporite deposits, but may also form from hydrothermal deposits, as mineral sublimates, in amygdules deposits in arid climates. It occurs associated with halite , polyhalite, thenardite and blodite

Because of its solubility , glauberite is often dissolved away from the crystal matrix leaving a distinctly shaped hollow cast. Its mineral composition is readily altered into other minerals as pseudomorphs. Gypsum pseudomorphs are common due to increased humidity.

Glauberite, its cast impressions, and its pseudomorphed crystals are often easily recognizable due to its common crystal twinning , and crystal habit displayed by uniquely shaped flattened, often seeming rhombohedral , large individual 'floater crystals'.

Identification

Color of mineral

Grey
Yellow

Mohs scale ( mineral hardness )

2.5

Density ( specific gravity )

1.507
1.527
1.529

Luster ( interacts light )

Vitreous
Waxy
Pearly

Crystal ( diaphaneity )

Monoclinic