Hardystonite is a rare calcium zinc silicate mineral first described from the Franklin, New Jersey , U.S. It often contains lead , which was detrimental to the zinc smelting Like many of the famous Franklin minerals, hardystonite responds to short wave ultraviolet (254 nm wavelength) light, emitting a fluorescence from dark purple to bright violet blue. In daylight, it is white to gray to light pink in color, sometimes with a vitreous or greasy luster. It is very rarely found as well formed crystals, and these are usually rectangular in appearance and rock-locked.
Hardystonite has a chemical composition of Ca2ZnSi2O7. It is frequently found with willemite (fluoresces red), and clinohedrite (fluoresces orange). Hardystonite can be found altered to clinohedrite CaZn(SiO4)·H2O through direct hydrothermal alteration Other minerals often associated with hardystonite are franklinite , andradite garnet (fluoresces yellow).
It was first described in 1899 by J.E. Wolff, when the New Jersey Zinc Company mines were located in what was called Franklin Furnace