Lithiophilite is a mineral containing the element lithium. It is lithium manganese with formula: LiMnPO4. It occurs in pegmatites often associated with triphylite, the iron end member in a solid solution series. The mineral with intermediate composition is known as sicklerite (Li(Mn,Fe)PO4). The name lithiophilite is derived from the Greek philos (φιλός) "friend," as lithiophilite is usually found with lithium.
Lithiophylite is a resinous reddish to yellowish brown mineral crystallizing in the orthorhombic system often as slender prisms. It is usually associated with lepidolite , albite of pegmatitic origin. It rather readily weathers to a variety of secondary manganese phosphates and oxides. It is a late-stage mineral in some complex granite Members of the triphylite-lithiophilite series readily alter to secondary minerals.
The type locality is the Branchville Quarry, Branchville , Fairfield County, Connecticut The largest documented single crystal of lithiophilite was found in New Hampshire , US, measured 2.44×1.83×1.22 m3 and weighed ~20 tonnes.
The synthetic form of triphylite, lithium iron phosphate, is a promising material for the production of lithium-ion batteries.