Minerals identify

Know how to recognize them

Pseudomalachite

Phosphate mineral

Pseudomalachite is a phosphate with hydroxyl, named from the Greek for “false” and “malachite”, because of its similarity in appearance to the carbonate mineral malachite , Cu2(CO3)(OH)2. Both are green coloured secondary minerals found in oxidised zones of copper deposits, often associated with each other. Pseudomalachite is polymorphous with reichenbachite and ludjibaite. It was discovered in 1813. Prior to 1950 it was thought that dihydrite, lunnite, ehlite, tagilite and prasin were separate mineral species, but Berry analysed specimens labelled with these names from several museums, and found that they were in fact pseudomalachite. The old names are no longer recognised by the IMA

Identification

Color of mineral

Black
Green

Mohs scale ( mineral hardness )

4.5
5

The streak

Green

Density ( specific gravity )

1.791
1.856
1.867

Luster ( interacts light )

Vitreous

Crystal ( diaphaneity )

Monoclinic