Minerals identify

Know how to recognize them


Feldspar group

Rubicline, also referred to as Rb-microcline, is the rubidium analogue of microcline , an important tectosilicate is (Rb, K) with an ideal composition of RbAlSi3O8. Chemical analysis by electron microprobe indicated the average weight of the crystal is 56.66% SiO2, 16.95% Al2O3, and 23.77% Rb2O, along with trace amounts of caesium oxide

Rubicline was first discovered in 1998 in Elba , by a team from the University of Manitoba. It was the first mineral to have been discovered with rubidium as an essential constituent. It has also been found in Mozambique and the Kola Peninsula Rubicline occurs as small, abundant, rounded grains found within veins of rubidian microcline. Pure rubicline with an ideal potassium-free composition has never been found in nature. Rubicline was synthesized in 2001 by placing powdered albite in a solvent of RbCl. This mixture was then placed in a silver tube containing H2O, heated to 400 °C

Unlike microcline, which can be yellow, red, or green, rubicline is colorless. It is also transparent , brittle and has a vitreous luster Rubicline has been classified as both triclinic The crystal does not show twinning. Other minerals in this group include adularia , buddingtonite, microcline, monalbite , and sanidine

Like all rubidium compounds, rubicline is mildly radioactive. Activity and dose rate of various amounts of rubicline are listed in the table below. * If held in hand for one hour. * Government estimate of average annual exposure (360 mRem) * Max permissible adult dose 50,000 mRem/yr (hands), 15,000 mRem/yr (eyes) * Lethal exposure 400,000 to 500,000 mRem


Density ( specific gravity )


Luster ( interacts light )


Crystal ( diaphaneity )