Minerals identify

Know how to recognize them


Sulfate mineral

Schwertmannite is an iron-oxyhydroxysulfate mineral with an ideal chemical formula of Fe)6(SO4 mineral typically occurring as brownish yellow encrustations. It has a Mohs hardness of 2.5 - 3.5 and a specific gravity

It was first described for an occurrence in Finland in 1994 and named for Udo Schwertmann (born 1927) soil scientist, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany

Schwertmannite (with a distinct "pin cushion" morphology) commonly forms in iron-rich, acid sulfate waters in the pH-range of 2 - 4. The mineral was first recognised officially as a new mineral from a natural acid-sulfate spring occurrence at Pyhäsalmi However, it is more commonly reported as an orange precipitate in streams and lakes affected by acid mine drainage Schwertmannite is also known to be central to iron-sulfur geochemistry in acid sulfate soils


Color of mineral


The streak


Crystal ( diaphaneity )