Minerals identify

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Ultramarine

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Ultramarine is a deep blue which was originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder The name comes from the Latin ultramarinus, literally "beyond the sea", because the pigment was imported into Europe by Italian and 15th centuries

Ultramarine was the finest and most expensive blue used by Renaissance painters. It was often used for the robes of the Virgin Mary, and symbolized holiness and humility. It remained an extremely expensive pigment until a synthetic ultramarine was invented in 1826.

Identification